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Xinjiang

The Uygur Autonomous Region Xinjiang covers over one-sixth of China’s total territory and is its largest province. Lying in the northwest of China, Xinjiang borders Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Its landscapes are wild and unique, there are snow-capped mountains erecting on very hot land, deserts and oases. 

Xinjiang is home to 47 ethnic groups including the Uygur, the major ethnic group in Xinjiang, Han Chinese, Kazakhs and other Muslim Turkic groups.
The ancient Silk Road brought Xinjiang a variety of western and eastern cultures which left behind spectacular relics. Still today, those ancient cities, temples, caves and tombs are impressing sites.

Additional to the cultural mixture the landscape shows a huge variety which reaches from European-like forests and lakes in the north to the Central Asian desert in the south of the province. 


Urumqi

Urumqi is the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regions. It has served and is still serving as a main entry for those crossing into Central Asia. Today it becomes a lively metropolis with an urban population of 1.08 million (You will see Carrefour Shopping Mall). The main attraction now for Xinjiang is the exhibits of mummies and other artifacts of Uygur ethnic culture and treasures from Silk Road in Xinjiang Regional Museum. The Id Kah Mosque is the largest in mosque in China. It attracts more than 10,000 worshippers for Friday prayers. 


Turpan 

Turpan, Xinjiang Province is a city known for its grape and melon harvest and Uigur people good at songs & dance. The Turpan Basin lies 154 meters (505 ft) below sea level in the second largest depression in the world. But karez, an ancient irrigation system made this part of desert region fertile land for grapes, melons and cotton. (It is one of the hottest regions in China, so don't visit it during summer until the end of August). Tuyu Gully is a magical place at the foot of Flaming Mountain near Turpan. With great geographical and ecological contrasts, it is home to several ancient cultures, Buddhism and Islam, and is also home to the first Chinese who practiced Islam. Close to it you will find Keraz Well, an ancient Han irrigation project. 

Kanas Lake & Hemu Village

Near the border of Kirgistan, Mongolia and Sibiria, a wonderful lake Kanas in north Xinjiang is where Tuwa minority lives. The "treasure Light" integrates with the beautiful Kanas Lake view, the white glaciers, the green grassland, the boundless forest, and the mist in mountains, will make you feel as if you were in a fairyland. Surrounded by snowcapped mountains that are reflected on the water, in autumn the long bean-shaped lake presents a pretty landscape of forests in all imaginable colors. The name Kanasi Hu means “beautiful, rich and mysterious” in Mongolian and if one sees it changing the colors several times each day, he will understand why. On the south bank of the lake lives the Mongolian tribe Tuwa. The valiant ethnic minority believes in Lamaism and has a long history and special folk customs.